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Karl Marx Biography (Karl Heinrich Marx) : Philosopher and Sociologist
Famous for : His writings on society, philosophy, sociology, and communism. Marx is often referred to as the "father of communism". Marxism or Marxist ideas are derived and influenced by the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
Marx details : Born - 5th of May, 1818 Trier, Prussia / Died 14th of March, 1883 London, England, United Kingdom


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Karl Marx Bio

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Karl Marx was a radical political philosopher who believed in the power of the working class. Although he lived in poverty for most of his life and was exiled from Europe for his teachings and ideas, he managed to finally influence society through his Communist Manifesto which stated that capitalism would bring about its own demise. It wasn't until after Marx's death that his work became widely circulated, eventually influencing governments and groups around the world.

Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818 to a Jewish family in Prussia. Marx's father, Heinrich, came from a long line of rabbis but eventually converted to Christianity, specifically Lutheranism, after Prussia banned the practice of Judaism.

As a result, young Marx grew up in a Christian household where he was home schooled until the age of thirteen when he attended the Trier Gymnasium. After graduating from formal school, Marx attended the University of Bonn beginning in 1835 with the intent to study law. Marx quickly joined a drinking society (of which he became president) and his grades suffered. He also decided that he would rather study literature and philosophy than pursue law. After an altercation with his father about his choice of academics, Marx's father forced him to transfer to Freidrich-Wilhelms University in Berlin.

During his time at the University, Marx began writing poems and thoughts regarding his views on life and modern philosophies. He finished his doctoral dissertation in 1841 but, due to his associations with the Hegelian groups at the time, his professors warned him of the reception he was bound to receive when he took his work to Germany.

As a member of the Young Hegelians, Marx joined their beliefs in criticizing politics and established religious organizations. When he moved to Paris in 1843, Marx befriended a man named Friedrich Engels who had travelled to Paris with the intent on meeting Marx. At the time of their meeting, Paris was the center of the armed forces for Germany, Britain, Poland, and the Italian revolutionaries. Although Marx had originally come with a group of German revolutionaries, the group eventually broke apart, leaving Marx to continue his own work by writing for a radical German newspaper in Paris.

Marx began studying the French Revolution in his spare time and wrote more critiques about human rights in politics, organized religion, and political emancipation. Engels began talking to Marx about communism and the basic rights and power of the working class. He also talked to Marx about the ties between the working people and basic economics. As a result of his studies, Marx wrote a series of articles later compiled into The Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts which, although written in 1844, were not published until the 1930s.

In 1845, after one of Marx's associated organizations expressed approval about the attempted assassination of the King of Prussia, Marx was exiled from Paris and moved with Engels to Brussels. The two men continued to study and work together, eventually writing and publishing The Communist Manifesto in 1848. The Manifesto became the foundation for a group of European communists, called the Communist League, who followed the teachings and philosophies of both Marx and Engels.

Over the course of the next year Europe experienced massive political upheaval during which time Marx was expelled from Belgium, invited back to Paris to witness the overthrow of King Louis-Philippe, and put on trial twice in Cologne due to his writings. At one point Marx returned to Paris but was forced to leave, this time moving to London.
During his time in London, Marx occasionally wrote as a correspondent for the New York Tribune, but also continued to write on subjects of economy and communism. He openly supported the Union during the American Civil War and devoted much of his time to an organization called the First International. Although it eventually dissolved, the International was part of the Paris Commune in 1871 when the citizens took control of Paris for two months.

Marx married Jenny von Westphalen on June 19, 1843 and the couple had three children that survived until adulthood. After his wife's death in 1881, Marx's health began to fail and he eventually died in London on March 14, 1883.

After Marx's death his teachings and writings still resonated throughout the working class in Europe, empowering them and organizing them into even greater entities. The Second International eventually gained power and one division, the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, became so powerful it overthrew the Russian government in the Russian Revolution.



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Karl Marx Quotes Karl Marx Quotes


Under private property, each tries to establish over the other an alien power, so as thereby to find satisfaction of his own selfish need. The increase in the quantity of objects is therefore accompanied by an extension of the realm of the alien powers to which man is subjected, and every new product represents a new potentiality of mutual swindling and mutual plundering.
Karl Marx - Property - Power - Selfish - Assets - Social - Satisfaction


Political economy regards the proletarian like a horse, he must receive enough to enable him to work. It does not consider him, during the time when he is not working, as a human being. It leaves this to criminal law, doctors, religion, statistical tables, politics, and the beadle.
Karl Marx - Religion - Politics - Proletariat - Class - Working Class - Economy - Work - Value - Law - Doctor


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